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Banks and Banking

Operations Full Speed Ahead

A bank is a financial organization that functions as a depositary and redistributes those funds through various loan mechanisms. Banks chiefly render fiscal services to clients while improving the financial status of its investors. There are Governmental restrictions that apply to banks and banking institutions regarding the conduct of fiscal related actions, and those regulations do change from time to time and variegate by location. Banks are instrumental in the financial industry and provide various services, to include several investment vehicles and a diverse range of loan options.

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A bank requires two origins of currency to function:

1. Recurring Depositions

This term refers to currency that individuals commit to various depository accounts.

2. Stockpiles known as “Reserves”

A prudent bank must keep a percentage of working capital readily available in the event customers make hasty withdrawals in large numbers.

A bank will leverage these two monetary sources to derive profits by offering loans, credit, or investments in various securities. The deriving of profits occurs through interest accrued through such loans and investments. In addition, banking systems may accrue capital through various fees and penalties levied on accounts and account holders.

Some significant features concerning operations of banking systems include:

Banks, by law, must stockpile a percentage of all capital to meet demands for withdrawals.

By law, a bank can stretch it limits (to a degree) by loaning more currency than has been accrued in reserve.

The realization of profits occurs through the investment of, or loaning of currency, bringing in rates of interest beyond interest paid to depositors or investors.

Banks realize profits accrued by the differential coefficient of interest remitted for bank deposit and other generators of capital, and the percentage of interest levied, resulting from loans and investments. The difference between the two refers to the spread. In the past, lucrative loan practices proved cyclic and contingent on the demands and reliability of borrowers. Recently however, capitalists have called for a more predictable profit flow and banks responded with hikes in account related fees, including loans, and charges for services rendered. However, the bulk of banks profits still accrue from loans. The public on the other hand, has responded less than favorably to such rates hikes and introduction of new service fees.

Nevertheless, the present banking industry see a mergence of lending, investing, and insurance services permitting banks to fulfill customer expectations of financial services consolidation, through marketing a diverse range of products aimed at boosting profits.

Banking

Top 10 Banks in the US


  • 1. Bank of America Corp. with headquarters in Charlotte, N.C. and total assets of approximately $1,080,000,000

  • 2. J. P. Morgan Chase & Company with headquarters in Columbus, Ohio and total assets of approximately $1,010,000,000

  • 3. Citigroup with headquarters in New York, N.Y and total assets of approximately $707,000,000

  • 4. Wachovia Corp.with headquarters in Charlotte, N.C. and total assets of approximately $472,000,000

  • 5. Wells Fargo & Company with headquarters in Sioux Falls, S.D.and total assets of approximately $403,000,000

  • 6. U.S. BC with headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio and total assets of approximately $208,867,000

  • 7. Suntrust Banks, Inc. with headquarters in Atlanta, Ga. and total assets of approximately $177,000,000

  • 8. HSBC North America Inc. with headquarters in Wilmington, Del. and total assets of approximately $151,000,000

  • 9. Keybank with headquarters in Cleveland, Ohio and total assets of approximately $89,000,000

  • 10. State Street Corp. with headquarters in Boston, Mass. and total assets of approximately $88,000,000